The Migrant Worker


Photo Resources:
Migrant Workers. n.d. Web. 23 January 2011.

<http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsahtml/fachap03.html>.



Picture This! Migrant Farm Workers

Picture This - Depression Era: 1930s - Migrant Farm Workers. n.d. Web. 23 January 2011.

http://www.museumca.org/picturethis/3_2.html.



The Migrant Experience

The Migrant Experience. n.d. Web. 23 January 2011.

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/afctshtml/tsme.html.


PBS American Experience: Dust Bowl (movie and article links)



The Great Depression

Web Resources:

Depression and War

Depresson and War. n.d. Web. 24 January 2011. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/historyofus/web12/index.html>.

Farming in the 1930's

Farming in the 1930s. n.d. Web. 23 January 2011. <http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/farminginthe1930s.html>.

Great Depression

The Great Depression. n.d. Web. 23 January 2011. <http://www.awesomestories.com/history/great-depression>.

PBS American Experience: Riding the Rails (movie and information links)


PBS American Experience: The Crash of 1929 (movie and information links)

YouTube Videos About Various Aspects of American Life in the 1930s

The Great Depression - Stock Market Crash of 1929 (10:05 minutes)
When someone did not have the money to pay the full price of stocks, they could [[#|buy stocks]] "on margin." [[#|Buying stocks]] on margin means that the buyer would put down some of his own money, but the rest he would borrow from a broker. In the 1920s, the buyer only had to put down 10 to 20 percent of his own money and thus borrowed 80 to 90 percent of the cost of the [[#|[[#|stock]]]].Buying on margin could be very risky. If the price of stock fell lower than the [[#|loan amount]], the broker would likely issue a "margin call," which means that the buyer must come up [[#|with]] the cash to pay back his loan immediately. When the Crash occurred, brokers and banks issued "margin calls" to people who did not have the money to pay back [[#|the loan]].

President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Fireside Chat on Backing Up the Banking System - Explaining the "Bank Holiday" (6:52 minutes)
The failure of many banks, runs on banks, and a general climate of financial panic played an important role in the Great Depression. After taking office in early March 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt made a radio address (a "Fireside Chat") outlining federal strategy to reopen [[#|[[#|[[#|the banking]]]]]] system. The system had been closed as part of a "bank holiday" declared by president to halt panics and runs. Although many other aspects of New Deal [[#|[[#|[[#|[[#|policy]]]]]]]] often receive more attention, backing up the banking system at least prevented the Depression from worsening. Prevention of financial panics remains an important economic policy in the contemporary world.

(2:31 minutes)
Dorothea Lange Images of California migrant workers in the 1930s. Dorothea Lange (May 26, 1895 – October 11, 1965) was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm [[#|Security Administration]] (FSA). Lange's photographs humanized the consequences of the Great [[#|Depression and]] influenced the development of documentary [[#|photography]]. Wikipedia

(4:07 minutes)
This video focuses on the effects of the Great Depression in urban and rural settings as well as the effects of the Great Depression on African-Americans.


(31 seconds)
The Dust Bowl, or the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands from 1930 to 1936 (in some areas until 1940). The phenomenon was caused by severe drought .... and poor farming techniques. During the drought of the 1930s, without natural anchors to keep the soil in place, it dried, turned to dust, and blew away eastward and southward in large dark clouds. At times the clouds blackened the sky reaching all the way to East Coast cities such as New York and Washington, D.C. The Dust Bowl affected 100,000,000 acres (400,000 km2), centered on the panhandles of Texas and Oklahoma, and adjacent parts of New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas.Millions of acres of farmland became useless, and hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave their homes; many of these families (often known as "Okies", since so many came from Oklahoma) migrated to California and other states, where they found economic conditions little better during the Great Depression than those they had left. Owning no land, many became migrant workers who traveled from farm to farm to pick fruit and other crops at starvation wages. Author John Steinbeck later wrote The Grapes of Wrath, which won the Pulitzer Prize, and Of Mice and Men, about such people. Wikipedia


(4:00 minutes)
From History Channel, a glimps of the Great Depression.

Of Mice and Men Literary Resources


Portal Page to Literature Articles on Of Mice and Men


Portal Page to Biographical Information on John Steinbeck